Female Genital Mutilation: The Controversy over Female Genital Cutting

Jan 18, 2021 - 14:34
Jan 18, 2021 - 15:36
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Female Genital Mutilation: The Controversy over Female Genital Cutting

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision, refers to the practice of altering or removing parts of the female genitalia for non-medical reasons. It is important to note that FGM is internationally recognized as a harmful practice with no health benefits. Here are some of the negative effects associated with FGM:

1. Immediate physical complications: FGM can lead to immediate complications, such as severe pain, bleeding, and infection during the procedure. The use of unsterilized instruments can also increase the risk of infection transmission, including HIV.

2. Long-term health consequences: FGM can cause various long-term health issues. These include chronic pain, recurrent urinary tract infections, menstrual problems, sexual dysfunction, complications during childbirth, and psychological trauma. It can also increase the risk of complications, such as fistulas, which can be life-threatening if not treated.

3. Emotional and psychological impact: FGM can have a profound psychological impact on the individuals who have undergone the procedure. It can lead to feelings of shame, fear, anxiety, and depression. The traumatic nature of the practice can also affect their overall mental well-being.

4. Violation of human rights: FGM is a clear violation of human rights, specifically the rights to health, bodily integrity, and freedom from violence. It is recognized internationally as a harmful practice that needs to be eradicated to ensure the well-being and rights of women and girls.

5. Interferes with sexual function and pleasure: FGM can significantly affect sexual function and pleasure due to the removal or alteration of sensitive sexual organs. This can lead to difficulties during intercourse, diminished sexual satisfaction, and reduced sexual desire.

It is crucial to raise awareness about the negative outcomes of FGM and work towards its elimination to protect the rights and well-being of women and girls globally.

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